Despite alarmist news stories about deepfakes heralding the end of democracy or truth itself, the technology – for better or worse – is far from perfect, which suggests that there is still a window of opportunity to prepare society, institutions and regulatory frameworks for the moment it is.
Finland became the first country in the world offering AI education to the general public. The objective: free AI education for 1% of the population. What is Finland’s aim and will EU countries be able to follow suit in democratising AI and reinforce civic education?
Artificial intelligence could be used in the newsrooms and journalists should be trained and prepared for the impact on communication. Experts think that AI can both free journalists from doing the boring stuff and can give them clever new tools for doing things they could never do before. But in the wrong hands, the same technology can also be used to spread disinformation.
How useful can machine-learning be in dealing with vectors of disinformation such as deep fakes or bots, and what are the implications of AI-powered fact-checking and deprioritising systems for media pluralism and freedom of expression?
AI challenges democracies but democratic institutions, especially in the EU, are not mere bystanders and are in the process of supporting AI and providing a legal framing, through education and regulation.
Research on autonomous cars has received a boost from the European Parliament, but the technology still raises many questions. Can it be safe and ethical? Will it totally eliminate the need for human drivers? And, of course: when will this happen?