Tackling COVID-19 Infodemic: fact-checking and debunking initiatives

European Institutions pages on the fight against disinformation on Covid-19
How can you recognise disinformation and how can you help stop it from spreading? What is the EU doing about it?
European Parliament – EP Official page ‘How to recognise and tackle Covid-19 myths’ 🔗Link
European Commission – EC Official page on the fight against disinformation 🔗Link
Assessment of the code of practice on disinformation🔗Link
EUvsDisinfo – Flagship project of the European External Action Service’s East StratCom Task Force 🔗Link
Latest update of the special report from EEAS Strategic Communications and Information Analysis Division, edition May-November2020 🔗Link
Join Research Center – JRC AI text mining software open-source and available for the fact-checking community 🔗Link


WHO LogoWorld Health Organization
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public
WHO Myth Busters – 🔗Link
Viber against disinformation on Coronavirus – 🔗Link
Resolution of 18 May 2020mentioning the need ‘to continue the work in providing science-based information for action, and in countering misinformation and disinformation’ 🔗Link
Managing the COVID-19 infodemic – Promoting healthy behaviours and mitigating the harm from misinformation and disinformation. Joint statement by WHO, UN, UNICEF, UNDP, UNESCO, UNAIDS, ITU, UN Global Pulse, and IFRC 🔗Link


Resource Center of Responses to Covid-19 – Actions to support media, enhance access to information, and leverage digital technologies in the fight against the pandemic. 🔗Link
Deciphering Covid-19 disinformation – 2 Policy Briefs on the different responses to the viral spread of Covid-19 disinformation 🔗Link

Verfied Logo Colour
United Nations initiative – to combat the growing scourge of COVID-19 misinformation by increasing the volume and reach of trusted, accurate information.

EU DisinfoLAB
Platforms’ responses to Covid-19 mis & disinformation – 🔗Link
Narratives on disinfo in Europe – 🔗Link

Oxford Internet Institute
Covid-19 Hub – 🔗Link

Reuters Institute for Journalism
Factsheet ‘Types, sources and claims of COVID-19’ – Sample of 225 pieces of misinformation rated false or misleading by fact-checkers and published in English between January and the end of March 2020, drawn from a collection of fact-checks maintained by First Draft. 🔗Link
Report – Survey data collected in late March and early April 2020 to document and understand how people in selected countries accessed news and information about COVID-19 in the early stages of the global pandemic. 🔗Link

First Draft
Searchable Archive of Coronavirus Debunk
collating output from more than 70 organisations sourced from Google’s Fact Check Explorer tool and Poynter’s International Fact-Checking Network (IFCN), including debunks in more than 20 languages which are searchable in English 🔗Link
Under The Surface – Covid-19 vaccine narratives, misinformation and data deficits on social media 🔗Link

CoronaVirusFact/Datos Coronavirus AlliancePoynter’s International Fact Checking Network: 100 fact-checkers in 45 countries publishing in 15 languages 🔗Link
Politifact coronavirus truthometer – 🔗Link
FactChat: collaborative project to unite U.S. fact-checking organizations with two major Spanish-language news broadcasters to fight mis/disinformation during the 2020 presidential campaign – 🔗Link

Coronavirus Misinformation Tracking Center – 🔗Link
In 4 languages (EN, FR, DE, IT).It lists all the news and information sites in the U.S., the U.K., France, Italy, and Germany that we have identified — 179 up today — as publishing materially false information about the virus.
Report on the top COVID-19 myths—and how they emerged and spread across the internet.

Global Disinformation Index (GDI)
It aims to disrupt, defund and down-rank disinformation sites, collectively working with governments, business and civil society and operating on three core principles of neutrality, independence and transparency. A special section is currently devoted to coronavirus – 🔗Link

SOMA – European Observatory Against Disinformation
A collection of debunked misleading posts and articles on 5G and Covid-19 that have circulated around Europe – 🔗Link

Fact check Coronavirus verification HUB – 🔗Link
Languages : English, French, Spanish, Portuguese
Infodemic Covid-19: visual analysis of disinformation in Europe – 🔗Link

Advice on how to practice ‘information hygiene’ – 🔗Link

Infodemic Observatory
About 100M public messages have been collected and analyzed to understand the digital response in online social media to COVID-19 outbreak 🔗Link

Report on Covid-19 Infodemic, a preliminary analysis of data on the global online conversation surrounding the coronavirus pandemic – 🔗Link

The Journalism and the Pandemic Project
A large-scale survey mapping the impacts of COVID-19 On journalism worldwide – 🔗Link

Research briefings
by Africa Check, Chequeado and Full Fact: exploring two major issues for fact checkers globally: conspiracy theories and communicating uncertainty – 🔗Link

Forum on information and democracy
250 recommendations on how to stop infodemics – 🔗Link

🇪🇸 Spain
Science Flows – project to analyze hoaxes on Covid-19. With the collaboration of Agencia SINC, Maldita Ciencia, Salud Sin Bulos and the Asociación para proteger al enfermo de Terapias Pseudocientíficas. 🔗Link
Maldito Bulo – a collection of common circulating hoaxes on coronavirus, in Spanish 🔗Link
Salud Sin Bulos🔗Link

🇮🇹 Italy
Valigia Blu – an Italian network of journalists renowned for producing quality information based on fact and data, with a special page gathering news on Coronavirus. 🔗Link

🇩🇪 Germany
CORRECTIV – To combat the flood of falsehoods circulating via WhatsApp, Correctiv created an online portal for the public to submit examples of possible misinformation. The team is debunking up to 25 examples of misinformation a day. 🔗Link

🇫🇷 France
Conspiracy Watch – Press service entirely devoted to inform about conspiracy theories. It has a current focus on Covid-19. 🔗Link

🇦🇹 Austria, 🇧🇪 Belgium and 🇩🇪 Germany
Lie Detectors – Tackling the infodemic initiative: distance-learning adapted format to respond to the coronavirus pandemic. 🔗Link

🇬🇧 United Kingdom
FullFact –
Coronavirus devoted page. 🔗Link

George Mason University, Center for Climate Change Communication
How to spot Covid-19 Conspiracy Theories handbook  🔗Link
Debunking handbook 2020 – 🔗Link

European Journalism Center
‘Verification Handbook for Disinformation and Media Manipulation’ – 🔗Link

COMPACT Comparative Analysis of Conspiracy Theories
Guide to conspiracy theories🔗Link

The COVID-19 Vaccine Communication Handbook A practical guide for improving vaccine communication and fighting misinformation 🔗Link

The ESMH team has gathered and selected different inititives tackling the ongoing COVID-19 Infodemic*. Please note that this list is by no means exhaustive. We gladly welcome suggestions of additional valuable and reliable sources.’

* Infodemic WHO definition: an over-abundance of (both accurate and false) information, therefore going beyond disinformation.