EMA

Ampoules with Covid-19 vaccine on a laboratory bench to fight the coronavirus sars-cov-2 pandemic

Covid-19: different types of vaccines and how they work

A range of Covid-19 vaccines are being developed worldwide and the differences between them can be confusing. How do the new mRNA vaccines work? What about vector vaccines? We asked scientists to give us an insight into the different types of Covid-19 vaccines.

Bottles coronavirus vaccine. sars-cov-2 / COVID-19. Some ampoules with ncov-2019 vaccine in a box. to fight the coronavirus pandemic

An expert’s opinion: An interview with Ayman El-Mohandes on COVID-19 vaccine acceptance and public health messaging

Ayman El-Mohandes, Dean of City University of New York Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy (CUNY SPH) and co-coordinator of a global survey on potential hesitancy to accept a proven, safe and effective COVID-19 vaccine, speaks to us about the findings and their implications for halting the spread of the virus. What does ...

Bottles coronavirus vaccine. sars-cov-2 / COVID-19. Some ampoules with ncov-2019 vaccine in a box. to fight the coronavirus pandemic

An expert’s opinion: An interview with Melinda Mills on the behavioural factors underlying COVID-19 vaccine uptake

We speak with Melinda Mills, Director of the Leverhulme Centre for Demographic Science at the University of Oxford and lead author of the British Academy and Royal Society report on Vaccine Deployment. She calls for open dialogue about vaccine concerns and the need to help people spot misinformation. How did the Vaccine Deployment report come ...

Bottles coronavirus vaccine. sars-cov-2 / COVID-19. Some ampoules with ncov-2019 vaccine in a box. to fight the coronavirus pandemic

Vaccination policy in times of Covid-19

As multiple COVID-19 vaccines are emerging, what can be done to tackle vaccination hesitancy and ensure rapid and equitable deployment?

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A scientist’s opinion : Interview with Dr Kari Johansen about vaccine procedure

Dr Kari Johansen is expert in influenza and other respiratory viruses and vaccine-preventable diseases at the ECDC. She obtained her medical degree from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, where she also did her PhD (1999). Prior to joining the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) in 2008, Dr Johansen worked for the Swedish ...

injecting injection vaccine vaccination medicine flu woman doctor

A scientist’s opinion : Interview with Marco Cavaleri about vaccine procedure

Marco Cavaleri is Head of Office, Biological Health Threats and Vaccines Strategy at the European Medicines Agency (EMA). He is also the chair of the COVID-19 EMA pandemic Task Force and is responsible for EMA activities regarding emerging pathogens, vaccines and antimicrobial resistance. He is a pharmacologist who has spent several years in industry in ...

injecting injection vaccine vaccination medicine flu woman doctor

COVID-19: ensuring a safe and effective vaccine

Scientists around the world are working hard to come up with a COVID-19 vaccine to suppress the pandemic. How can the EU guarantee that rapidly approved vaccines are safe and effective? We asked senior representatives from the European Medicines Agency (EMA) and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) for their thoughts.

A scientist’s opinion : Interview with Aroon Hingorani about re-engineering pharmaceutical research

A scientist’s opinion : Interview with Aroon Hingorani about re-engineering pharmaceutical research

Re-engineering pharmaceutical research, a scientist’s opinion Interview with Aroon Hingorani, Professor of Genetic Epidemiology at University College London. Could you speculate what you think are the biggest causes of drug failure? It is well recognised that the number one cause for drug failure is a lack of efficacy of the drug in the intended indication, ...

A scientist’s opinion : Interview with Dr Denis Lacombe about re-engineering pharmaceutical research

A scientist’s opinion : Interview with Dr Denis Lacombe about re-engineering pharmaceutical research

Re-engineering pharmaceutical research, a scientist’s opinion Interview with Dr Denis Lacombe, Director General of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC). Can you tell me a bit about the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC)? We are a non-governmental, not-for-profit organisation established for 60 years, focusing on survival and ...

Re-engineering pharmaceutical research for better patient outcomes

Re-engineering pharmaceutical research for better patient outcomes

A so-called ‘productivity crisis’ has been ascribed to the pharmaceutical research and development industry. Despite increases in investment and funding, this has not corresponded to increases in the approval of novel drugs. Why do so many drugs fail to receive approval, and what other means should we be focusing on for the benefit of patients?